This book, first published in 1936, divides into roughly two parts: a re-examination of historical material; and a positive theory of causation suggested by the results of this re-examination. The historical study discloses an ambiguity in the meanings of causation and determinism; it discloses also that this ambiguity is transferred to the meaning of freedom.
Mark Brandon Read, known to his friends and enemies alike as "Chopper", has spent more than 17 years in prison and has a reputation for violence earned in a blood-spattered career as a streetfighter, standover man, gunman and underworld executioner. He has been shot, stabbed, hit with a claw hammer and nearly kicked to death. In "Chopper 3", Read reveals more stories from the underworld, bringing his humour and sharp eye to bear on prison life, brutality, corruption and the warped code of the values of the criminal fraternity.